If you want to make your garden more original and beautiful, to give it personality, then be sure to plant conifers there. Firstly, they will add decorative features throughout the year. Secondly, conifers will perfectly clean the air. Plus, on your site, there will be a piece of this forest – a great place to relax with friends. Also, coniferous trees will make the garden not only beautiful but also help protect it from dust, wind, and noise.
Seedlings can be bought in many gardening stores or nurseries. But do not rush to take the first seedling you like: first, you will have to find out which conifers will suit your climate since many conifers brought from Europe do not have a very good degree of frost resistance. It is also necessary to clarify their future sizes and heights. If you are the owner of a small plot, it is better to choose low-growing, compact-shaped trees, as large, overgrown, can create numerous problems for you.
How to plant a seedling
Planting dates primarily depend on the technology of growing seedlings. There are two options: in containers (the modern way) or in open ground (classic way). If you purchased a conifer tree grown “the old-fashioned way” – in the open field, the most successful planting time is spring, late April – early May. If conifer is grown in a container, then the planting period is much longer – from early spring to the very frosts.
Seedlings are suitable for planting, on the roots of which an earthen lump has been preserved since trees with an open root system are most likely not to take root. If the conifer has been stored for a long time or has been transported, then before planting, it is better to moisten the earthen lump together with the roots.
The landing pit should be about 2 times deeper and wider than the root with a lump of earth. Be sure to lay compost or fertile soil at the bottom of the dug hole. Lower the seedling into the pit (the depth of planting should correspond to the depth of the tree in the soil or container), gently fill it with earth and lightly compact the soil. Dig a small moat around the tree and fill it with water. As soon as the water is absorbed, it will be possible to add soil. After planting, the tree will need abundant watering.
The most common conifers
Spruce can rightfully be considered the most famous coniferous tree. Unpretentious and winter-hardy, it can be planted not only in the garden – the spruce can also be used as a hedge.
Fir is also a frost-resistant tree with a wonderful aroma.
Cedar is good for creating alley plantings. Cedarwood is also considered the most valuable building material. And pine nuts are good for your health.
Larch is the most famous conifer that dumps needles for the winter.
Juniper – quite unpretentious and easy to grow coniferous. Juniper looks beautiful and in the form of a single planting, and in a group.
This is not the whole list. Conifers also include cypress, thuja, yew, microbiota, sequoia, metasequoia, and many others.